In 1841, China ceded the island of Hong Kong to the British. In 1885, La Marcus Thompson received a patent on the first roller coater. In 1981, the Iran hostage crisis ended as 52 U.S. captives were released in Tehran, just after President Jimmy Carter left office. In 2009, Barack Obama was sworn in as the first African-American president of the United States.
Ruth St. Denis (1879-1968), dancer; George Burns (1896-1996), comedian; Federico Fellini (1920-93), filmmaker; Patricia Neal (1926-2010), actress; Buzz Aldrin (1930- ), astronaut; David Lynch (1946- ), filmmaker; Rainn Wilson (1966- ), actor; Kellyanne Conway (1967- ), presidential adviser; Questlove (Ahmir Thompson) (1971- ), musician/TV personality; Nikki Haley (1972- ), politician; Nick Foles (1989- ), football player
In 1892, the first official basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts. Two nine-man teams used a soccer ball and peach baskets and played for 30 minutes. The final score was 1-0.
With 120.5 million units sold, pop star Rihanna has sold more digital singles than any other artist.
"America did not invent human rights. In a very real sense, it is the other way round. Human rights invented America." – Jimmy Carter