The World Almanac E-Newsletter

Volume 1, Number 6 - June 2001




June Events
June 9 - Belmont Stakes
June 14-17 - U.S. Open golf tournament
June 20 - First day of Summer (W of Mountain Time Zone)
June 21 - First day of Summer (E of Pacific Time Zone)
June 21-24 - LPGA golf tournament
June 23 - NHL draft
June 25-July 8 - Wimbledon tennis tournament
June 27 - NBA draft

June Holidays
June 14 - Flag Day
June 17 - Father's Day
June 23 - Midsummer Eve (Baltics, Scandinavia)
June 25 - Dragon Boat Festival (China)

June Birthdays


01    1937    Morgan Freeman, actor (Memphis, TN)

02    1948    Jerry Mathers, actor (Sioux City, IA)

03    1925    Tony Curtis, actor (New York, NY)

04    1966    Cecilia Bartoli, opera singer (Rome, Italy)

05    1971    Mark Wahlberg (Marky Mark), actor/rapper (Dorchester, MA)

06    1935    The Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader (Takster, China)

07    1940    Tom Jones, singer (Pontypridd, Wales)

08    1925    Barbara Bush, former First Lady of the United States (Rye, NY)

09    1915    Les Paul, musician/singer (Waukesha, WI)

10    1921    Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and husband of Queen Elizabeth II (Corfu, Greece)

11    1956    Joe Montana, football quarterback (Monogahela, PA)

12    1924    George Bush, 41st president of the United States (Milton, MA)

13    1986    Ashley Olsen and Mary-Kate Olsen, actresses (Los Angeles, CA)

14    1969    Steffi Graf, tennis champion (Bruhl, West Germany)

15    1958    Wade Boggs, baseball player (Omaha, NE)

16    1917    Katharine Graham, newspaper publisher (New York, NY)

17    1980    Venus Williams, tennis player (Lynwood, CA)

18    1942    Paul McCartney, singer/songwriter/musician and member of the Beatles (Liverpool, England)

19    1947    Salman Rushdie, writer whom the Iranian government targeted (Bombay, India)

20    1931    Olympia Dukakis, actress (Lowell, MA)

21    1982    Prince William, crown prince of England, son of Prince Charles and Diana (London, England)

22    1910    Katherine Dunham, dancer/choreographer (Joliet, IL)

23    1943    James Levine, conductor/pianist (Cincinnati, OH)

24    1982    Anna Paquin, actress (Wellington, New Zealand)

25    1945    Carly Simon, singer/songwriter (New York, NY)

26    1933    Claudio Abbado, conductor (Milan, Italy)

27    1927    Bob Keeshan, children's TV personality as Captain Kangaroo (Lynbrook, NY)

28    1926    Mel Brooks, actor/director (New York, NY)

29    1957    Maria Conchita Alonso, actress (Cienfuegos, Cuba)

30    1917    Lena Horne, singer/actress (Brooklyn, NY)



This Day in History - June


01    1638    An earthquake rocks Plymouth Plantation in Massachusetts, the first such event to be recorded and described in writing in the United States.

02    1953    Queen Elizabeth II is crowned in London's Westminster Abbey.

03    1888    The comic baseball poem "Casey at the Bat" is printed in a San Francisco newspaper.

04    1989    Chinese troops crush pro-democracy student demonstrations in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, killing hundreds.

05    1967    Israel, Egypt, Syria, and Jordan begin fighting the so-called Six-Day War.

06    1944    D-Day: U.S. and Allied forces invade Europe at Normandy on the north coast of France, in the greatest amphibious landing in history.

07    1975    Sony introduces the VCR, selling the Betamax for $995.

08    1789    James Madison proposes the Bill of Rights to the Constitution.

09    1973    Secretariat takes the Belmont Stakes and becomes the first horse since 1948 to win the Triple Crown.

10    1943    Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill subjecting wage and salary earners to a paycheck withholding income tax.

11    1963    Confronted by federally deployed National Guard troops, Alabama Gov. George Wallace steps aside and allows the Univ. of Alabama to be desegregated.

12    1898    The Philippines declares independence from Spain.

13    1966    In the case of Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court rules that before being questioned, suspects in custody must be informed that they have the right to remain silent and to have counsel.

14    1775    A resolution of the Continental Congress establishes the U.S. Army.

15    1215    England's King John seals the Magna Carta, guaranteeing the privileges of nobles and the church against the monarchy and assuring jury trials.

16    1933    The "100 Days" special session of Congress ends, during which major New Deal social and economic measures were enacted.

17    1972    Five men are arrested for breaking into the offices of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office complex in Washington, DC.

18    1815    Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo.

19    1953    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed for committing wartime espionage.

20    1892    Lizzie Borden is found not guilty of the hacking death of her father and stepmother in Fall River, MA.

21    1945    U.S. forces capture Okinawa after more than 2 months of fighting.

22    1897    Queen Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee

23    1947    Congress overrides Pres. Harry Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act, restricting labor union power.

24    1509    In England, Henry VIII is crowned king.

25    1876    Col. George Armstrong Custer and 264 soldiers of the 7th Calvalry are killed by the Sioux in the Battle of Little Big Horn, MT.

26    1917   The first U.S. troops arrive in Europe to fight World War I.

27    1969    In an incident that marks the birth of the homosexual rights moment, police clash with the patrons of a gay bar, the Stonewall Inn, in NYC.

28    1914    Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife are murdered in Sarajevo, touching off a conflict that escalates into World War I.

29    1966    U.S. planes begin bombing the Hanoi area of North Vietnam.

30    1966    NOW (the National Organization for Women) is founded.



Featured Location of the Month: Santa Fe, New Mexico

Location:    capital of New Mexico, and seat of Santa Fe County, on the Santa Fe River, in the N central part of the state, near the Sangre de Cristo Mountains-7,000 feet above sea level

Population (Census 2000):    62,203

Mayor:    Larry Delgado

June Temperatures:    Normal high of 82 degrees; Normal low of 47 degrees

Colleges & Universities:    College of Santa Fe, Saint John's College at Santa Fe, Institute of American Indian Arts, New Mexico School for the Deaf, Santa Fe Community College

Museums:    Palace of the Governors; Museum of Fine Arts; Georgia O'Keeffe Museum; Museum of Indian Arts and Culture; Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian; Institute of American Indian Arts Museum; Museum of International Folk Art; El Rancho de las Golondrinas; SITE Santa Fe; Santa Fe Children's Museum

Events:    Third Annual New Playwrights Competition (June 1-10); Spring Festival (June 3); Santa Fe Plaza Arts & Crafts Festival (June 16-17); Rodeo de Santa Fe (June 20-23); Ameriwest Antique Show (June 22-24); Museum Fiber Arts Festival of Traditional Cultures of the Southwest (June 22-24); Shakespeare in Santa Fe (June 22-August 19); Santa Fe Desert Chorale summer
season (June 23-August 11); The Santa Fe Opera summer season (June 29-August 25)

Places to visit:    Santa Fe Plaza; Sena Plaza; Indian Market; Spanish Market; Palace of the Governors (1610); the San Miguel Mission (1610, reconstructed early 18th cent.); the Cathedral of Saint Francis (begun 1869); the State Capitol (1966); the Barrio de Analco; Chapel of Our Lady of Guadalupe

History:    The region of Santa Fe, then occupied by the Tewa Indians, was explored (1540) by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado for the Spanish crown. Colonization began in 1598, and Santa Fe was founded (1610) to serve as the capital of New Mexico. In 1680 the Spanish were driven from New Mexico by the Pueblo Indian revolt. They reconquered the region in 1692, and Santa Fe
was again occupied in 1693. Zebulon M. Pike explored the area for the U.S. government in 1807, but Spain did not relinquish control until 1821, when the region came under Mexican control. Trade with the U.S. over the Santa Fe Trail began soon thereafter. Stephen W. Kearny led U.S. troops in occupying Santa Fe during the Mexican War (1846). New Mexico was ceded to
the U.S. in 1848, and Santa Fe became the territorial capital in 1851; it remained the capital when New Mexico achieved statehood in 1912. During the American Civil War, Santa Fe was briefly occupied by Confederate forces in 1862. The city's economy benefited from the establishment, in the early 1940s, of major U.S. atomic research facilities at nearby Los Alamos.


Obituaries in May 2001

Adams, Douglas, 49, author of the popular comedic science fiction novel The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy and several sequels; Santa Barbara, CA, May 11, 2001. 

Como, Perry, 88, popular singer and entertainer whose easygoing manner and breezy tunes, including "Some Enchanted Evening" and "Catch a Falling Star," made him a star beginning in the mid-1940s; Jupiter, FL, May 12, 2001.


Science in the News


A recent Hubble telescope observation of 10-billion-year-old supernova, the oldest and most distant exploded star ever recorded, has led scientists to conclude that the universe may have been expanding faster and faster over the last 5 to 6 billion years. This supernova discovery, announced April 3, 2001, at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore, MD, confirms a surprising result from 1998 that led to the upstart accelerating universe theory. It appears that, for about a third of the history of the universe, gravity has been losing a cosmic tug of war with a mysterious force acting across all of space-time: a force now called “dark energy.”

Einstein once proposed and then discarded a notion of repulsive gravity called the cosmological constant, which many theorists believe may be key to understanding dark energy. University of Chicago astrophysicist Michael Turner has called dark energy “one of the most important discoveries in all of science.” 

The fertile fossil beds of China’s Liaoning Province have yielded the first feathered dinosaur ever found. Paleontologists have long debated whether dinosaurs are among us today in the form of birds, or whether birds evolved from a separate branch of life. Fossils of ancient birds show features similar to dinosaurs, and fossils of some dinosaurs have features similar to birds. But this is the first dinosaur found with an intact skin covering that includes a downy layer of feathers from head to tail. Mark Norell, of the American Museum of Natural History, worked with Qiang Ji of the Chinese Academy of Geological Science to describe the astonishing fossil, a dromeosaur, in Nature. "This is the specimen we’ve been waiting for," Norell said. The dromeosaur would have been a small, fast, carnivorous predator similar to a velociraptor, but only about 3 feet long, sporting a lizard-like tail, long legs, and short forelimbs. The fossil skeleton has structures common to modern birds, such as three forward-pointing toes and a wishbone. The forelimbs were much too short to fly, so the feathers probably served to keep the dinosaur warm. The down may also have ruffed up to attract mates or warn off predators.

Researchers at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine have found a viral link to the onset of schizophrenia, the group of debilitating, psychotic disorders that affects an estimated 1% of the world's population. By looking at the cerebrospinal fluid of recently-diagnosed schizophrenics, the team reported that in 30% of the patients, they found traces of endogenous retroviruses -- viruses that are housed in an individual’s own DNA, and remain hidden unless they are somehow activated. While they have yet to show just what it is that reactivated these viruses, the scientists are hopeful that further research will lead to methods of treating schizophrenia by preventing the retrovirus from become active.


Astronomical Events

June 21 Summer solstice in Northern Hemisphere, longest day of the year

June 21 Total solar eclipse in Southern Hemisphere


Special Feature:    Custer's Last Stand

David Faris, Editor 

Once a day from June 22 to 24, the 125th anniversary of Custer's Last Stand, one of the most notorious battles in American history, will be commemorated with a reenactment outside rural Hardin, Montana. Also known as the Battle of the Little Big Horn, the conflict took place on June 25, 1876. U.S. General Armstrong Custer and his entire regiment were surrounded and killed by a force of Sioux Indians, marking the beginning of the end for armed conflict between Native Americans and white settlers. The bloody defeat of Custer's force galvanized the public against the Indians, and the military redoubled its efforts to defeat the Indians once and for all. Just 14 years later, after the massacre of Sioux women and children at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on Dec. 29, 1890, the last Indian resistance collapsed.

In 1873, Custer was sent to Dakota Territory to protect surveyors and prospectors who were treading on Sioux land. On June 24, 1876, Custer led one column of a 3-column scouting force into Sioux territory in present-day Montana, where he was supposed to wait for reinforcements once the Sioux were located. Custer, however, thought he had caught a Sioux encampment by surprise, and proceeded with an attack. Led by the legendary Sitting Bull, and bolstered with warriors from other tribes, including the Cheyenne and their leader, Crazy Horse, the Sioux pounced on and trapped the greatly outnumbered Custer and his regiment. Custer ordered his men to shoot their horses, using the carcasses as a barricade. After a heroic fight, every last soldier was killed, including Custer himself. The other columns escaped the next day, but the defeat was a horrendous one, and the legend of Custer's Last Stand was born.

More than 200 actors and crew members will descend on Hardin this June for the reenactment pageant, which draws as many as 9,000 visitors each year, and perhaps more this year for the big anniversary. Participants include both white and Sioux actors, and the festivity is not restricted to the reenactment of the battle itself. The "Little Big Horn Days" stretch from June 20 to 24 and include dance lessons, a fashion show, and the 1876 Grand Ball, in which participants deck themselves out in costumes from the period. For more information, visit the Custer's Last Stand Reenactment Web site at If you go, be sure to bring plenty of reinforcements—of clothing that is. Montana's weather is said to be quite volatile.


Chronology - Events of May 2001


    Pres. George W. Bush May 1 proposed that the United States build a shield against intercontinental nuclear missiles and at the same time sharply reduce its own nuclear arsenal.

    The execution of Timothy McVeigh, convicted in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people, was delayed May 11 after the FBI reported it had found 3,135 pages of documents that had never been shown to McVeigh’s lawyers. Additional missing pages were found May 24. Atty. Gen. John Ashcroft reset the execution from May 16 to June 11, and ordered an internal investigation. FBI Director Louis Freeh, testifying before a House committee, acknowledged that the FBI had made a “serious error.”

    For the 5th time since January, the Federal Reserve Board on May 15 cut key short-term interest rates.  The Fed dropped its federal funds rate on overnight loans between banks from 4.5% to 4%. It reduced the discount rate on loans to banks from the Federal Reserve system from 4% to 3.5%.

    Nathaniel Brazill, a 14-year-old Florida boy, was convicted of 2d-degree murder in Palm Beach May 16, a year after he shot a teacher to death. In January another 14-year-old Florida boy, Lionel Tate, had been convicted of 1st-degree murder for beating a 6-year-old playmate to death.

    A report by 20-member review commission assessed blame, May 17, for the 1999 bloodbath that left 14 students and a teacher dead at Columbine High School in Littleton, CO. The commission, appointed by Gov. Bill Owens, said Jefferson County Sheriff John Stone had failed to respond to evidence of the “suicidal and violent tendencies” of the 2 gunmen, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold.

    Sen. James Jeffords (VT) announced May 24 that he was leaving the Republican party, under whose banner he had served in the House and Senate for 26 years. The Senate had been divided 50–50, but Republicans held all the committee chairmanships because Vice Pres. Dick Cheney could cast a tie-breaking vote on Senate organization. Jeffords said he would became an Independent but vote with the Democrats to organize the Senate. Control of the committees would give Democrats investigatory authority and a better opportunity to counter Bush’s legislative agenda. On May 25, Republicans added a place on their leadership team for a moderate. Arlen Specter (PA).

    Pres. Bush May 26 achieved his top priority, Congressional approval of a $1.35 trillion tax cut spread over 10 years, close to his original $1.6 trillion proposal. The final bill provided that every individual who filed a 2000 return would get a $300 rebate, and couples would get $600. Every tax bracket except the 15% bracket would be lowered in stages to 2006—with the top bracket dropping from 39.6% to 35%. A new 10% rate was established for income up to $6,000 for individuals and $12,000 for couples. The minimum size of estates subject to tax would gradually rise, and the estate tax would be repealed altogether in 2010. The child credit would rise in stages from $500 to $1,000 in 2010. Contributions allowed to IRAs and 401(k)-type plans would rise. Taxes for couples would be adjusted downward to eliminate the so-called marriage penalty.  This version received final approval May 26, in the House 240–154, and in the Senate 58–33. Twelve Senate Democrats and 28 Democrats and 1 Independent in the House joined in voting for it. Only 2 Republicans (both in the Senate) voted against it.



    The United States May 3 was voted off the UN Human Rights Commission for the first time since it was founded under U.S. leadership in 1947. On May 7, the State Dept. said that the United States had also lost its seat on another UN panel, the International Narcotics Control Board. The U.S. House voted, 252–165 on May 10, to withhold paying a $244 million installment on dues in arrears until the U.S. was restored to the Human Rights Commission.

    A 4-month-old girl was killed May 7 by Israeli troops firing into a refugee camp in Gaza. The Israelis were retaliating for a mortar attack on a Jewish settlement. In other Mideast violence, 2 Israeli boys, 13 and 14, were stoned to death by Palestinians May 9. The Israelis May 14 shot and killed 5 Palestinian guards at a roadblock in the West Bank. Four days later, 5 Israelis were killed and more than 100 injured by a suicide bomber at a shopping mall in Netanya; Israeli air strikes on Nablus and Ramallah, later that day, killed 9 Palestinians. On May 21, Sec. of State Colin Powell announced he was sending an envoy, William Burns, to the Middle East to promote resumption of peace talks.

    A wealthy conservative industrialist, Silvio Berlusconi, who had held the premiership of Italy briefly in 1994, regained that job after parliamentary elections May 13. His center–right coalition prevailed narrowly over the center–left coalition led by Francisco Rutelli, a former mayor of Rome.

    The Dalai Lama, exiled spiritual leader of Tibet, met with Pres. Bush in the White House May 23. The meeting, on the 50th anniversary of China’s annexation of Tibet, brought a protest from the Communist regime, which was also displeased by the visit of Taiwan’s Pres. Chen Shui-bian to New York on May 22. The Dalai Lama told reporters May 23 that he was not seeking independence for Tibet.

    Sec. of State Visits Africa—Colin Powell. the first African-American secretary of state, began an African tour May 23. He met with Pres. Thabo Mbeki of South Africa May 24, even as administration officials criticized Mbeki for not doing enough to contain the AIDS epidemic, now growing in much of black Africa. Speaking in South Africa, May 25, Powell urged Pres. Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe to allow a free presidential election to be held. In Kenya May 26, Powell met with Pres. Daniel arap Moi, 76, in power since 1973, and suggested he step down, rather than get the law changed so he could run again. In both Kenya and Uganda, May 27, Powell urged their common neighbor, Sudan, to settle its civil war against Christian and other non-Islamic elements in the south.


    Pope John Paul II completed a historic journey, retracing the footsteps of St. Paul. He began in Greece, May 4, where in a major move toward reconciliation with the Greek Orthodox Church, he apologized for attacks on Constantinople, by Crusaders beginning in 1204. He was making the first papal visit to Greece since the churches broke apart, and many in Greece demonstrated against his presence. The pope flew May 5 to Damascus, Syria, where Pres. Bashar al-Assad, appearing with him, made remarks hostile to Israel. On May 6 John Paul became the first pope ever to enter a mosque. He ended his trip in Malta, flying home May 9.

    At least 123 people died after a stampede at a soccer match in Accra, Ghana, May 9.

    A wedding celebration in Jerusalem became a tragedy May 24-25, as a crowded third-floor dance hall collapsed and crashed onto the floors below. The death toll was put at about 25, with 300 injured. Construction defects were blamed.


    On the first Saturday in May (5th) at the Churchill Downs racetrack in Louisville, Kentucky, 10-1 shot Monarchos overtook the field on the home stretch, winning by more than 4 lengths in the 127th running of the Kentucky Derby.  Monarchos ran the mile and a quarter in 1:59.97, the second fastest derby, ever behind Secretariat’s 1:59.40 (1973).  Invisible Ink finished second, Congaree was third, and pre-race favorite Point Given came in fifth.

    On May 19, Derby favorite Point Given redeemed himself by winning the 126th Preakness Stakes at the Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland.  AP Valentine was second and Congaree again took third.  Co-favorite Monarchos finished a distant sixth, ensuring that for the 23rd consecutive year there would not be a Triple Crown winner.

    The NFL, May 22, unanimously approved a plan for league realignment into eight four-team divisions (including the new AFC Houston Texans) at the start of the 2002 season.  The Seattle Seahawks will move from the AFC to the NFC to accommodate the addition of the Texans.  The new NFC alignment—East: Dallas, NY Giants, Philadelphia, Washington; South: Atlanta, Carolina, New Orleans, Tampa Bay; North: Chicago, Detroit, Green Bay, Minnesota; West: Arizona, St. Louis, San Francisco, Seattle.  The new AFC alignment—East: Buffalo, Miami, New England, NY Jets; South: Houston, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Tennessee; North: Baltimore, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Pittsburgh; West: Denver, Kansas City, Oakland, San Diego.

    Larry Brown, of the Philadelphia 76ers, was named the NBA’s Coach of the Year, May 24, giving the team an unprecedented four awards.  Earlier in the month, the 76ers’ Allen Iverson was named MVP, Aaron McKie won the Sixth Man of the Year Award, and Dikembe Mutombo was chosen the Defensive Player of the Year.  Mike Miller (Rookie of the Year) and Tracy McGrady (Most Improved Player of the Year), of the Orlando Magic, won the two remaining annual NBA awards.

    For the 2d year in a row and only the 8th time ever, a rookie driver—Helio Castroneves—won the Indianapolis 500-mile race, May 27. He edged his teammate, Gil de Ferran. Both cars were owned by Roger Penske, who saw one of his drivers in Victory Lane for the 11th time.

Offbeat News Stories

With the conclusion of a soccer match (Europe’s Champions Cup final), May 16, an unidentified British man in his fifties won 500,000 pounds (about $715,000 US) on an improbable 15-event cumulative wager (which took several months to complete) with London bookmakers William Hill.  The man, who wagered 30 pence (about 42 cents), correctly picked the winners of 15 matches in the sports of soccer, cricket, and rugby against total odds of 1,666,666 to 1.  Incredibly, the same man won 157,000 pounds (about $224,500 US) in a similar wager in 1999.

It’s probably not a fashion trend that will stick around, but two seniors at Washington state’s Richland High School thought it was worth a shot for $5,000.  The manufacturers of Duck® brand duct tape are sponsoring a nationwide “Stuck at Prom” contest which will award two $2,500 scholarships to the winning couple who attends their prom dressed in clothing made from or accessorized with duct tape.  The school hosting the prom of the winners will also receive $2,500 in scholarship money.  Eric Edvalson and Rachel Call spent about 25 hours and $85 to make their unique formal wear.  Edvalson’s black and gray tuxedo, complete with tails and top hat, took seven 50-yard rolls of tape to complete—including one whole role for the hat.  Call’s gown required five and a half rolls.  The understandably stiff outfits weigh about four pounds each. Online voting at and a panel of judges will determine the winners, to be named July 1.

UPS made a very special delivery last April in Louisville, KY, when the company deposited one tuxedo-clad groom on the front steps of a local church—on time, of course.  In planning their wedding, fellow UPS employees Chuck Young and Betsy Hand knew they wanted one of the company’s big brown trucks (officially known as “package cars”) involved.  At first, the couple considered using it as a backdrop for wedding photos, or in place of the traditional post-ceremony limousine.  In the end, they felt nothing could be more natural for a UPS truck than a delivery.  But a wedding day is no ordinary day and the “package car” that dropped off Young was no ordinary one.  UPS is a NASCAR racing sponsor, and it was their promotional custom van, usually used for parades and festivals, that arrived at the church—complete with chrome wheels and flames painted on the hood and sides.


100 Years Ago in the WORLD ALMANAC


The following people appeared under the heading of "The Stage," Birthplaces and Birth Year of Living, Dramatic and Musical People.  We list those who stood the test of time and were still appearing in the 2001 World Almanac:


Adams, Maude                    1872-1953

Barrymore, Maurice                    1848-1905

Bernhardt, Sarah                    1844-1923

Campbell, Mrs. Patrick                    1865-1940

Duse, Eleanora                    1858-1924

Fiske, Minnie Maddern                    1865-1932

Gillette, William                    1855-1937

Hammerstein, Oscar                    1847-1919

Held, Anna                    1873-1918

Hopper, DeWolf                    1858-1935

Irving, Sir Henry                    1838-1905

Langtry, Lillie                    1853-1929

Olcott, Chauncey                    1860-1932

Paderewski, Ignace                    1860-1941

Pastor, Tony                    1837-1908

Patti, Adelina                    1843-1919

Russell, Lillian                    1861-1922

Skinner, Otis                    1858-1942

Terry, Ellen                    1847-1928

Tree, Herbert Beerbohm                    1853-1917



Links of the Month

Edward A. Thomas, Editor in Chief


While stuck on the train recently, I explored some of the Internet options on my cell phone, and discovered a TV trivia game, that can also be accessed at  Log in is free, and you have the opportunity to play seven different games including, hockey trivia, sports trivia, as well as a variety of entertainment trivia.  By the way, I was number one among 51 competitors.


Have you ever wondered how a jet weighing 870,000 pounds can lift into the air and fly?  At you will first learn about the four basic aerodynamic forces: lift, weight, thrust and drag, and in fact learn exactly how airplanes work.  And that is just the beginning; you can learn, how to create web pages, how food preservation works, how mummies work, as well as how muscles work.


Do you want to start listening to music while you are online?  By visiting you will have the opportunity of downloading various sources, including a player, arcade and jukebox, for free.  There are free downloads available, as well as the chance to listen to up to 2,500 different radio stations around the world.


Does it seem like everyone is playing golf these days?  While my golfing is limited to miniature golf courses, I know plenty of people out every weekend on the courses enjoying their days.  To learn more about the game, its history, and its heroes, visit


Have you ever read a book that you wanted to share with everyone you knew?  For me, such a book is John Irving's "A Prayer For Owen Meany."  If you've read a book that you have found inspiring, moving, or downright awful, you can add a personal review to listings for the book at .  By the way, there are a number of 5 star reviews for "Owen Meany," and one person considered it the best book they had ever read.  It's on my top five list.


Did you know that the only Presidents' child born in the White House was Esther Cleveland, in 1893? Or that Abigail Fillmore obtained Congressional funds to set up the first official library in the Executive Mansion.  At you can learn about the families that have lived at The White House, the history of the house, as well as useful information concerning the current administration.


World Almanac Education Group

World Almanac E-Newsletter
Edward A. Thomas, Editor in Chief
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