The World Almanac E-Newsletter


Volume 1, Number 1 - January 2001

 

 

Welcome to the first issue of THE WORLD ALMANAC E-Newsletter. Once a month you will receive updates on subjects ranging from current events to sports, as well as interesting facts that make THE WORLD ALMANAC AND BOOK OF FACTS a bestseller every year.  You can look forward to updates to the Chronology section with highlights of the events that shape our world, celebrity birthdays, a short featured "Location of the Month," Offbeat news stories, as well as a special feature by an editor of THE WORLD ALMANAC.

 


January Events

 

January 1 - The "real" new millennium begins; Rose, Cotton, and Fiesta Bowls

January 2 - Sugar Bowl
January 3 - U.S. Congress convenes; Orange Bowl

January 5 - Joint session of U.S. Congress meets to count electoral votes
January 15-28 - Australian Open (Melbourne)

January 20 - George W. Bush scheduled to be inaugurated as 43rd U.S. president
January 21 - Golden Globe Awards
January 28 - Super Bowl XXXV (Tampa)


 

U.S. Holidays

 

January 1 - New Year's Day
January 15 - Martin Luther King Jr.'s Birthday


 

International Holidays


January 24 - Chinese New Year
January 26 - Australia Day

 

 

IT'S A FACT - Babe Ruth is the all-time major league leader in walks with a record 2,056.


 

January Birthdays

 

01    J.D. Salinger, author, 1919

02    Cuba Gooding Jr., actor, 1968

03    Victoria Principal, actress, 1950

04    Michael Stipe, singer, 1960

05    Walter Mondale, former vice president, 1928

06    Nancy Lopez, golfer, 1957

07    Katie Couric, news commentator, 1957

08    Stephen Hawking, physicist, 1942

09    Bob Denver, actor, 1935

10    George Foreman, boxer, 1949

11    Naomi Judd, singer, 1946

12    Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon.com, 1964

13    Charles Nelson Reilly, actor, 1931

14    Julian Bond, civil rights leader, 1940

15    Charo, entertainer, 1951

16    A.J. Foyt, race car driver, 1935

17    Muhammad Ali, boxer, 1942

18    Kevin Costner, actor, 1955

19    Michael Crawford, singer, 1942

20    Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, astronaut, 1930

21    Placido Domingo, opera singer, 1941

22    Joseph Wambaugh, writer, 1937

23    Princess Caroline of Monaco, 1957

24    Mary Lou Retton, gymnast, 1968

25    Corazon Aquino, former president of Philippines, 1933

26    Wayne Gretzky, hockey player, 1961

27    Troy Donahue, actor, 1936

28    Sarah McLachlan, singer, 1968

29    Greg Louganis, Olympic diver, 1960

30    Boris Spassky, chess champion, 1937

31    Justin Timberlake, singer, 1981

 

 

This Day In History for January 1-31

 

01    1863    President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, ending slavery.

02    1491    Spaniards capture the city of Granada, ending seven centuries of Muslim rule in Spain.

03    1922    British Egyptologist Howard Carter finds sarcophagus of Tutankhamen.

04    1960    Albert Camus, French author, dies in a car accident.

05    1914    Henry Ford announces that all worthy Ford employees will get a minimum wage of $5 a day.

06    1759    George Washington marries Martha Dandridge Curtis.

07    1789    First presidential election in the United States.

08    1918    President Woodrow Wilson sets out his "Fourteen Points" for peace.     

09    1972    Passenger ship Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire.

10    1946    UN General Assembly meets for the first time.

11    1935    Amelia Earhart departs on the first solo flight from Hawaii to California.

12    1906    Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26) for the first time.

13    1559    Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey.

14    1892    Hal Roach, early film director/producer, born.

15    1929    Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., civil rights leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner, born.

16    1919    Prohibition takes effect.

17    1945    Warsaw, Poland, is liberated from the Nazis.      

18    1912    British explorer Robert F. Scott reaches the South Pole only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there first.

19    1966    Indira Gandhi wins election that makes her prime minister of India.

20    1783    British and American officials sign a preliminary agreement to end the Revolutionary War.

21    1976    The supersonic Concorde makes its first flight between Britain and France.

22    1973    U.S. Supreme Court rules in favor of abortion rights in Roe v. Wade.

23    1849    Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to receive an MD degree.

24    1848    Gold is discovered in California.

25    1890    Nellie Bly, of the New York World, beats Phileas Fogg's fictional time around the world by 8 days (72 days).

26    1837    Michigan admitted as the 26th U.S. state.

27    1967    Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White, and Roger B. Chaffee.

28    1986    Space shuttle Challenger explodes moments after liftoff, killing 6 astronauts and a New Hampshire schoolteacher, 

Christa McAuliffe.

29    1936    Baseball Hall of Fame is founded in Cooperstown, NY.

30    1948    Mahatma Gandhi, Indian spiritual and political leader, assassinated.

31    1969    The Beatles perform live for the last time, a 42-minute concert on the roof of Apple Records headquarters.

 

 

Featured Location of the Month:  Tampa, Florida

 

Site of:    Super Bowl XXXV on January 28, 2001


Location:    Hillsborough County, Western Florida


Population:    289,156


Name origin:    probably from an Indian term meaning "sticks of fire."


Mayor:    Dick A. Greco


January Temperatures:    Normal high of 70 degrees; Normal low of 50 degrees


Colleges & Universities:    University of Southern Florida; University of Tampa; Hillsborough Community College


Museums:    Tampa Museum of Art; Museum of Science & Industry; Contemporary Art Museum at the University of Southern Florida; Henry B. Plant Museum at the University of Tampa


Zoos/Aquariums:    Lowry Park Zoo; Florida Aquarium


Festivals:    month-long Gasparilla Fest, Tampa's version of Mardi Gras


Sports teams:    Tampa Bay Devil Rays (baseball); Tampa Bay Buccaneers (football); Tampa Bay Lightning (hockey); Tampa Bay Mutiny (soccer)


Places to visit:    Ybor City, the picturesque Latin quarter; Busch Gardens amusement park


Tallest Building:    100 North Tampa (42 stories)


History:    Explored by Spanish soldier Panfilo de Narvaez, 1528; first settled, 1823, U.S. Army fort on site, 1824, which was occupied by Confederate forces in Civil War; incorporated 1855; subsequent growth spurred by discovery of phosphates, 1883, arrival of railroad, 1885, and establishment of cigar-making industry, 1886. Embarkation point for Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders


Birthplace of:    Mel Tillis, singer (1932); David Sanborn, saxophonist/composer (1945); Dwight Gooden, baseball player (1964)


Website: http://www.tampachamber.com

 

 

Obituaries in December 2000

 

Barty, Billy, 76, diminutive actor and advocate for dwarfs whose seven-decade career included Willow (1988) and Day of the Locust (1975); Glendale, CA, Dec. 23, 2000.

 

Borge, Victor, 91, Danish born pianist/comedian; Greenwich, CT, Dec. 23, 2000.

 

Brooks, Gwendolyn, 83, Pulitzer Prize-winning black poet who gained fame with "A Street in Bronzeville," an anthology of poems about the lives of the poor; Chicago, IL, Dec. 3, 2000.

 

Cranston, Alan, 86, longtime U.S. senator from California; implicated in Savings & Loan scandal; Los Altos, CA, Dec. 31, 2000.

 

Gilliam, Joe, 49, football player who became one of the first black starting quarterbacks in the NFL with the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1974; Nashville, TN, Dec. 25, 2000.

 

Goetz, Robert, 90, surgeon who in 1960 performed the first successful coronary bypass; he also invented an arterial pump still in use today; Scarsdale, NY, Dec. 15, 2000.

 

Groza, Lou "The Toe", 76, star place-kicker for the NFL Cleveland Browns during the 40s, 50s, and 60s; elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1974; Middleburgh Heights, OH, Dec. 6, 2000.

 

Klemperer, Werner, 80, Emmy-winning film, stage, and television actor best known for his portrayal of Nazi Col. Wilhelm Klink on Hogan's Heroes; New York, NY, Dec. 6, 2000.

 

Lindsay, John, 79, Mayor of New York City during the turbulent late 60s and early 70s; Hilton Head Island, SC, Dec. 19, 2000.

 

Quine, W(illard) V(an Orman), 92, prolific, empirically oriented Harvard University logician and philosopher; one of the century's best known philosophers; Boston, MA, Dec. 25, 2000.

 

Robards, Jason, 78, renowned stage and film actor who won a Tony Award for his performance in Disenchanted (1959) and Academy Awards for All The President's Men (1977) and Julia (1978); Bridgeport, CT, Dec. 26, 2000.

 

Sann Son, 89, former Cambodian prime minister, leader in the fight against the Khmer Rouge and longtime democracy advocate; Paris, France, Dec. 19, 2000.

 

Windsor, Marie, 80, actress who played femme fatales in films such as Narrow Margin (1952) and The Killing (1956); Beverly Hills, CA, Dec. 10, 2000.

 

 

IT'S A FACT - On July 28, 1945, a U.S. Army B-25 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building in New York City, killing 14 people.

 


Science in the News

 

A new era in space exploration began Nov. 2, 2000, when two Russian cosmonauts and one American astronaut took residence aboard the International Space Station (ISS) 240 miles above Earth, beginning 15 years of continuous human inhabitance and experiment in orbit. On Dec. 2-8, the crew of NASA space shuttle Endeavour helped deploy the largest rigid structure ever sent into space, a 240-foot span of "solar wings" that quintupled ISS's power and set the stage for upcoming space station expansion.  In related news, the Russian cabinet, struggling to meet its end of the ISS bargain, announced in late November that the privately funded, Dutch-based MirCorp would not carry through plans to rehabilitate the deteriorating Russian space station Mir, which should instead fall from the deep blue yonder into the deep blue Pacific in February.... Spectacular solar corona images from NASA's TRACE satellite (see http://vestige.lmsal.com/TRACE/collected over the last six months may resolve a long-standing mystery about why the surface of the Sun is so much cooler than its atmosphere. The new evidence may also provide strategies to help reduce interference from solar radiation in Earth-based wireless communications....Stanford University researchers led by Helen Blau and a team of scientists led by Eva Mezey at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke reported independently in the journal Science that stem cells from bone marrow can transform into new neurons in the brains of mice, promising results that may lead to regenerative therapies for patients of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. 

 

Upcoming Astronomical Events

January 3 - Meteor Showers

January 9 - Total Lunar Eclipse.  The eclipse will be visible in its entirety throughout Europe, Asia, and the Eastern Africa.  North and South Americans can catch the end of the eclipse at moonrise.  Full Moon.

 

Special Feature: The Golden Globe Awards

David Faris, Editor

On Dec. 21, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association unveiled the nominations for this year's Golden Globe Awards. Australian actor Russell Crowe, nominated in 1999 for The Insider, emerged as the heavyweight of the moment. The Roman-era action movie Gladiator, in which he starred, earned five nominations, including Best Dramatic Actor (Crowe) and Best Dramatic Picture. Steven Soderbergh's anti-drug war drama Traffic also earned five nods. Other movies with multiple nominations include the Julia Roberts blockbuster Erin Brockovich (also directed by Soderbergh), Cameron Crowe's Almost Famous, the French romantic comedy Chocolat, and the critically acclaimed but audience-spurned Wonder Boys. Sunshine, a sweeping but little-known epic about Hungarian Jews surprised most observers by scoring several nominations, including Best Drama. Ang Lee's acclaimed martial arts art film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon emerged as the clear favorite in the Best Foreign Film category. Nominees for performances included Hollywood luminaries such as Roberts and Tom Hanks (Castaway), as well as relative newcomers such as Björk (Dancer in the Dark) and Javier Bardem (Before Night Falls).

The Golden Globe Awards differ from the more renowned Academy Awards in several respects. The Golden Globes recognize more categories; for example, the Globes differentiate between comedic films and dramatic films, awarding separate prizes in nearly every category for the two genres. The nominations for Best Comedy include the escape-from-the-chicken-coop cartoon caper Chicken Run, as well as Christopher Guest's "mockumentary" Best in Show. Furthermore, the Golden Globes recognize achievement on the small screen as well as the large. Fighting it out for the honors of Best Drama on television are: C.S.I., ER, The Sopranos, The West Wing, and The Practice, while Ally McBeal, Frasier, Malcolm in the Middle, Will & Grace, and Sex in the City square off for Best Comedy Series.

The Golden Globes got their start in 1943, when Hollywood foreign correspondents, their jobs made difficult by the war and their readers starving for pleasant diversions from the turmoil, formed the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. The organization pooled journalistic resources and that year organized the first Golden Globe Awards ceremony. Voting for the awards is done entirely by foreign correspondents. This year's ceremony, the 58th annual, will be held in Los Angeles at the Beverly Hilton Hotel on Jan. 21. For a complete list of nominees, click http://www.eonline.com/News/More/globes2001noms.html.


Chronology - Events of December 2000

NATIONAL

    Judge N. Sanders Sauls, Dec. 4, dismissed an election contest suit by Vice Pres. Al Gore seeking a manual recount of certified results in some Florida counties.  The U.S. Supreme Court, the same day, vacated a Florida Supreme Court decision that had extended the certification deadline.

    The Florida Supreme Court, Dec. 8, reversed Judge Sauls' decision and ordered a statewide manual recount of the under votes, but the U.S. Supreme Court temporarily halted the count the next day, and on Dec. 12 ruled the recount unconstitutional.

    Vice Pres. Gore conceded the 2000 presidential election to Gov. George W. Bush, Dec. 13.  For final World Almanac coverage of the 2000 Election, go to: www.facts.com/worldalmanac/election2000

    In a ritual of transition, Pres.-elect Bush met with Pres. Clinton, Dec. 19, and later that day with Vice Pres. Gore.  Bush also began announcing cabinet appointments -- naming retired Gen. Colin Powell, Dec. 16, as secretary of state and Stanford academic Condoleezza Rice, Dec. 17, as national security advisor.

    Michael McDermott, an aggrieved employee at a Wakefield, MA, Internet consulting firm, was arrested for allegedly shooting seven coworkers to death, Dec. 26.

INTERNATIONAL

    Vicente Fox was sworn in as president of Mexico, Dec. 1, ending the 71-year reign of the Institutional Revolutionary Party.

    Ethiopia and Eritrea formally ended their 2-year border war, Dec. 12, with the signing of an internationally brokered peace agreement.

    Vladimir Putin, Dec. 14, became the first Russian president to visit Cuba since the collapse of the Soviet Union.  The same day, he pardoned and freed Edmond Pope, an American recently convicted of espionage in Russia.

    The last working reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was closed down, Dec. 15.

    The 18-party Democratic Opposition of Serbia smashed the remnants of former Yugoslavian strongman Slobodan Milosevic's socialists in parliamentary elections Dec. 23, winning 177 of 250 seats and the necessary 2/3 majority to amend the country's constitution.

GENERAL

    The Federal Trade Commission approved the proposed merger of America Online and Time Warner, Dec. 14.

    Mexico's Popocatepetl volcano erupted Dec. 18, causing the evacuation of about 40,000 nearby residents.

    The Montgomery Ward department store chain, a pioneering company in American retailing that began with a mail-order catalog in 1872, announced, Dec. 28, that it would be closing its doors.

    U.S. Bureau of the Census, Dec. 28, released official raw figures showing a total 2000 U.S. population of 281,421,906, a 13.2% increase over 1990.  The state totals meant a transfer of 12 House seats affecting 18 seats, starting in 2003, with 8 mostly Northeast or Midwest states losing seats and 8 Sunbelt states gaining.

    The U.S. stock market ended a dismal year, Dec. 29, with the Dow down 6.2% from the start of 2000, its first year of decline since 1990, and the NASDAQ down 39.3%, in its worst year yet.

SPORTS HIGHLIGHTS

    Felix Trinidad Jr. defeated Fernando Vargas, Dec. 2, by TKO in the final round to retain his WBA junior welterweight title and win the IBF championship.

    Utah Jazz forward Karl Malone moved to the second spot on the list of all-time NBA scorers, Dec. 5, surpassing Wilt Chamberlain's 31,419. Malone, with 31,443 points (through Dec. 5), trails only Kareem Abdul Jabbar's 38,387.

    Florida State quarterback Chris Weinke was awarded the Heisman Trophy on Dec. 9. Weinke, 28, became the oldest player to win the Heisman in its 65-year history.

    Spain won the 2000 Davis Cup title, Dec. 10, its first win in the 101-year history of the event.

    On Dec. 11, Seattle shortstop Alex Rodriguez signed the richest contract in sports history, a 10-year, $252 million deal with the Texas Rangers. Owner Tom Hicks, a media millionaire, bought the Rangers franchise from George W. Bush and Rusty Rose three years ago, paying $250 million for the entire team.

    Venus Williams was honored as Sportswoman of the Year by Sports Illustrated on Dec. 11.

    On Dec. 12, Tiger Woods became the first athlete ever to repeat as Sports Illustrated magazine's Sportsman of the Year (1996, 2000). Woods also became only the second athlete (Michael Jordan, 1997) to be named the Most Powerful Person in Sports by The Sporting News.  On Dec. 27, Woods again joined Jordan as the only other 3-time winner of the Associated Press Athlete of the Year award.  Woods won the U.S. Open, the British Open, and the PGA Championship in 2000.

    Wide receiver Terrell Owens of the San Francisco 49ers set an NFL single-game record on Dec. 17 when he caught 20 passes for 283 yards and a touchdown against the Chicago Bears. Owens broke the previous record of 18, set by the Los Angeles Rams' Tom Fears against the Green Bay Packers in 1950.

    Running back Marshall Faulk of the St. Louis Rams, who scored a single-season record 26 touchdowns in 2000, was named the NFL's Most Valuable Player on Dec. 27.

    Mario Lemieux became the first owner-player in modern sports history when he took to the ice on Dec. 27 to help his slumping Pittsburgh Penguins.  Lemieux, 35, retired and was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1997.  The 6-time NHL scoring champion had one goal and 2 assists in the Penguins 5-0 victory over the visiting Toronto Maple Leafs.

    Olympian Marion Jones received the Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year award Dec. 27.  Jones won 5 track and field medals in Sydney, the most ever by a woman in a single Games.

    Gustavo Kuerten of Brazil finished the 2000 season with the number one ranking in men's tennis. Americans Pete Sampras and Andre Agassi ranked third and sixth, respectively. In women's tennis, Martina Hingis of Switzerland was the number one player, followed by U.S. players Lindsay Davenport, Venus Williams, and Monica Seles. Serena Williams, Venus' sister, was ranked sixth.


Offbeat News Stories

    The 1999 Ford F350 Ryder truck used to transport 462,644 disputed Florida ballots from West Palm Beach to Tallahassee, during the drawn-out battle for the U.S. presidency, was sold, Dec. 20, to an anonymous bidder in a auction on Yahoo.  The truck, valued at $17,000, was sold for $67,100; proceeds will benefit the Red Cross.

    Troubles in Searchlight, NV, run as deep as the mines over which the tiny town is built.  Ed Seggerson, a retired prospector from Las Vegas, bought some old mining patents 30 years ago that may give him title to several defunct mining sites.  This is not a problem in and of itself, but according to an 1872 mining law still on the books, whoever has the title to a mine owns the land over it.  So Seggerson claims to own most of the town!  The townspeople are filing suit to try and clear their property titles.

    Andrew White, a New Jersey music teacher, has a unique claim to fame: he is the only non-Beatle ever to have played the drums on a genuine Beatles number-one hit.  The song, "Love Me Do," was recorded on Sept. 11, 1962, when White sat in for Ringo Starr (who had only just joined the Fab Four a month earlier), because studio manager George Martin didn't think Starr was experienced enough for a fast-paced recording session.  White received a mere $21 for his services, and worse yet, receives no royalties.

    With a 98-point win on Dec. 16, the University of Texas women's basketball team set a school record for the largest margin of victory. The nationally ranked Longhorns defeated the Centenary (Louisiana) Ladies, 135-37. Only a last-second 3-pointer by Louise Smyth kept the deficit under 100 points for Centenary. Currently the nations' smallest Division I school, the Ladies are still in search of their first win since resuming women's basketball in 1999 to comply with federal gender equity laws.

 

100 Years Ago in THE WORLD ALMANAC

On June 30, 1901, United States Pension Statistics included the following information:

Widows of Revolutionary War Soldiers

Damon, Esther, of Plymouth Union, VT, age 87, wife of Noah Damon, who served with the Massachusetts troops.

Jones, Nancy, of Jonesboro, TN, age 87, wife of James Darling, who served with the North Carolina troops.

Mayo, Rebecca, of Newbern, VA, age 88, wife of Stephen Mayo, who served with the Virginia troops.

Snead, Mary, of Parksley, VA, age 84, wife of Bowdoin Snead, who served with the Virginia troops.

Survivor of the War of 1812

Cronk, Hiram, of Ava, New York, age 101, served with the New York state troops.


Links of the Month

Want to watch the traffic in New York City's Times Square?  Or maybe you are interested in watching a marriage take place in a Las Vegas, NV, wedding chapel.  EARTH CAM provides these, plus many other windows on the world at: http://www.earthcam.com

In this era of technology, the voice and image of the current President of the United States soon becomes familiar to everyone.  But what about our 19th century Presidents?  To hear the voices of Presidents Harrison, Cleveland, and McKinley, along with their successors, you can visit the Vincent Voice Library at:  http://www.lib.msu.edu/vincent/presidents/index.htm

Didn't get yesterday's newspaper?  Missed reading the comics?  Visit United Media's Comic Zone site to catch up on today's and past comic strips at: http://www.unitedmedia.com

You are finally taking that dream trip to Fiji.  Wondering what the weather will be like for the next 10 days?  Visit the Weather Channel site and get all the information you'll need at:  http://www.weather.com

On February 1, 1922, Paramount film director William Desmond Taylor was shot to death in his bungalow. His unsolved murder was one of Hollywood's major scandals.  Want to know what films he directed?  Or perhaps you want to learn more about the two actresses associated with Taylor at the time of his death, Mary Miles Minter and Mabel Normand.  You can find out more at the Internet Movie Database site at:  http://us.imdb.com

Thinking back on the fun you had in high school?  Wonder what happened to your fellow students in Mr. Smolian's biology class?  There is a chance you'll find them, and many more, at:  http://www.classmates.com

How would you like to hear the next audio broadcast of the Detroit Red Wings?  The schedule and link can be found at:  http://hockey.yack.com


World Almanac Education Group

World Almanac E-Newsletter
Edward A. Thomas, Editor in Chief
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editorinchief@waegroup.com

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