In 1861, Italy—excluding Rome and Venice—was unified as a kingdom under King Victor Emmanuel II. In 1941, the National Gallery of Art was dedicated in Washington, DC. In 1950, scientists at University of California, Berkeley, announced the creation of Californium, the radioactive 98th element. In 1992, a majority of white South African voters supported an end to the apartheid system in a referendum on reform efforts.
Roger B. Taney (1777-1864), U.S. Supreme Court chief justice; Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900), engineer/inventor; Bayard Rustin (1912-87), civil rights activist; Nat King Cole (1919-65), singer; Rudolf Nureyev (1938-93), dancer/choreographer; William Gibson (1948- ), writer; Kurt Russell (1951- ), actor; Gary Sinise (1955- ), actor; Rob Lowe (1964- ), actor; Alexander McQueen (1969-2010), fashion designer; Mia Hamm (1972- ), soccer player; Natalie Zea (1975- ), actress; Grimes (1988- ), musician; Hozier (1990- ), musician; John Boyega (1992- ), actor; Katie Ledecky (1997- ) Olympic swimmer
In 2005, six major league baseball players appeared before a congressional hearing on steroid use.
Gottlieb Daimler is credited with building the first motorcycle in 1885.
"Surely, in the light of history, it is more intelligent to hope rather than to fear, to try rather than not to try. For one thing we know beyond all doubt: Nothing has ever been achieved by the person who says, 'It can't be done.'" – Eleanor Roosevelt
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