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This Day In History: Dec. 1

This Day in History

1918: U.S. and British troops begin occupying Germany following the end of World War I.
1933: In Germany, a law is enacted by which the Nazi party is "indissolubly joined to the state."
1943: The U.S. government releases a joint communiqué signed by U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt, British prime minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek, in which they declare the determination of their governments to prosecute the war until Japan surrenders unconditionally. Gasoline rationing begins in the United States.
1955: Rosa Parks refuses to give her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, AL. She is arrested, triggering boycotts against racial segregation.
1957: After years of political turmoil in Colombia, a plebiscite approves the plan of the Liberal and Conservative parties to share all government offices equally for 12 years.
1959: Twelve nations sign a treaty to make Antarctica a scientific preserve free of military activity.
1997: Representatives of more than 150 nations begin meeting in Kyoto, Japan, to consider a treaty limiting the emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
2000: Vicente Fox Quesada, a conservative reformer, is inaugurated as president in Mexico, ending more than seven decades of rule by the PRI party.

Today's Birthdays

1886: Rex Stout, mystery writer (Noblesville, IN; died 1975)
1898: Cyril Ritchard, actor (Australia; died 1977)
1910: Alicia Markova, ballerina (London, England; died 2004)
1912: Minoru Yamasaki, architect who designed the World Trade Center in NYC (Seattle, WA; died 1986)
1913: Mary Martin, actress/singer (Weatherford, TX; died 1990)
1920: Pierre Poujade, leader of a populist, antitax revolt of shopkeepers in southern France (St.-Cere, France; died 2003)
1933: Lou Rawls, singer (Chicago, IL; died 2006)
1935: Woody Allen, actor/writer/director (Brooklyn, NY)
1939: Lee Trevino, golfer (Dallas, TX)
1940: Richard Pryor, comedian/actor (Peoria, IL; died 2005)
1945: Bette Midler, singer/actress (Paterson, NJ)
1951: Treat Williams, actor (Rowayton, CT)
1960: Carol Alt, model/actress (New York, NY)
1966: Larry Walker, baseball player (Maple Ridge, Canada)

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