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This Day In History: Nov. 8

This Day in History

1519: Hernán Cortés defeats the Aztecs under Montezuma in Mexico.
1837: Mount Holyoke College is founded as the first U.S. college only for women.
1861: The seizure of Confederate diplomats by a U.S. ship severely strains relations between the U.S. and Great Britain in the Trent Affair.
1864: Abraham Lincoln is reelected president, defeating George McClellan.
1889: Montana is admitted to the Union as the 41st state. The Bronx Zoo, one of the world's largest zoos, opens to the public.
1895: Physicist Wilhelm Roentgen discovers X-rays.
1923: In the so-called Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, Germany, Adolf Hitler unsuccessfully attempts to seize power with 600 armed storm troopers.
1932: Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected president for the first time, defeating incumbent Herbert Hoover.
1942: U.S. and British forces, led by Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, land in North Africa.
1960: John F. Kennedy is elected president, defeating Richard Nixon .
1988: George Bush is elected president, defeating Michael Dukakis.
2002: The UN Security Council votes 15-0 to give Iraq a "final opportunity" to comply with previous disarmament resolutions.
2003: A car bomb explodes in a residential section of Riyadh, the Saudi capital, killing 17 and wounding more than 120.
2005: The French government declares a state of emergency after rioting, mainly by young Muslims of North African descent, spreads through 300 cities and towns across the country.

Today's Birthdays

1086: Henry V, German king and Holy Roman emperor (Goslar, Germany; died 1125)
1656: Edmund Halley, astronomer/mathematician (London, England; died 1742)
1900: Margaret Mitchell, novelist (Atlanta, GA; died 1949)
1916: June Havoc, actress (Seattle, WA)
1922: Christiaan Barnard, surgeon who performed the first heart transplant (Beaufort West, South Africa; died 2001)
1923: Jack Kilby, engineer and Nobel laureate (Jefferson City, MO; died 2005)
1927: Patti Page, singer (Claremore, OK)
1931: Morley Safer, TV journalist (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
1933: Esther Rolle, actress (Pompano Beach, FL; died 1998)
1935: Alain Delon, actor (Sceaux, France)
1949: Bonnie Raitt, singer/musician (Burbank, CA)
1951: Mary Hart, TV personality (Madison, SD)
1954: Ricki Lee Jones, singer/musician (Chicago, IL)
1968: Courtney Thorne-Smith, actress (San Francisco, CA)
1975: Tara Reid, actress (Wyckoff, NJ)


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