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This Day In History: Nov. 5

This Day in History

1605: The Gunpowder Plot, a conspiracy to kill James I, king of England, as well as the Lords and the Commons at the opening of Parliament, fails when Guy Fawkes is caught and confesses.
1688: William of Orange, invited by English nobles to invade England and overthrow James II, lands at Torbay with an army of 15,000 men.
1912: Woodrow Wilson is elected president over Theodore Roosevelt and incumbent William Howard Taft.
1914: Great Britain and France declare war on Turkey during World War I.
1940: Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected to an unprecedented 3rd term as president, defeating Wendell Wilkie.
1968: Richard Nixon is elected president over Hubert Humphrey and George Wallace.
1989: The Civil Rights Memorial, designed by Maya Lin based on a passage from Martin Luther King Jr.'s famous "I have a dream" speech, is dedicated in Montgomery, AL.
1996: Bill Clinton is reelected president, defeating Bob Dole and Ross Perot.
2002: U.S. Republicans, defying the historical trend of the president's party losing seats in the midterm elections, increase their margin in the U.S. House of Representatives and narrowly recapture the Senate. SEC Chairman Harvey Pitt resigns.:

Today's Birthdays

1549: Philippe de Mornay, Huguenot leader during the wars of religion (Buhy, Normandy, France; died 1623)
1855: Eugene V. Debs, four-time Socialist candidate for president (Terre Haute, IN; died 1926)
1857: Ida Tarbell, journalist (Erie County, PA; died 1944)
1885: Will Durant, historian (North Adams, MA; died 1981)
1905: Joel McCrea, actor (South Pasadena, CA; died 1990)
1906: Fred Lawrence Whipple, astronomer who correctly proposed, against prevailing ideas, that comets were "dirty snowballs," made up of ice with some rock mixed in (Red Oak, Iowa; died 2004)
1912: Roy Rogers, cowboy actor/singer (Cincinnati, OH; died 1998)
1913: Vivien Leigh, actress (Darjeeling, India; died 1967)
1931: Ike Turner, singer (Clarksdale, MS)
1941: Art Garfunkel, singer (New York, NY). Elke Sommer, actress (Berlin, Germany)
1943: Sam Shepard, dramatist/actor (Fort Sheridan, IL)
1952: Bill Walton, basketball player and sportscaster (La Mesa, CA)
1959: Bryan Adams, singer/songwriter (Kingston, Ontario, Canada)
1963: Tatum O'Neal, actress (Los Angeles, CA)
1965: Famke Janssen, actress (The Netherlands)

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