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This Day In History, Sept. 8

This Day in History

1565: St. Augustine, Florida—now the oldest continuing settlement in the United States—is founded by Pedro Menéndez de Aviles.
1664: British troops seize New Netherland from the Dutch; the English later rename it New York.
1781: The Battle of Eutaw Springs, the last important engagement in the Carolina campaign of the American Revolution, is fought near Eutawville, SC. It is a strategic victory for the Americans.
1883: The Northern Pacific Railroad is completed.
1935: Huey Long, senator from Louisiana and national political leader, is shot; he dies two days later.
1939: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims a limited national emergency.
1945: U.S. forces enter Korea south of the 38th parallel to displace the Japanese.
1951: A peace treaty with Japan is signed in San Francisco by U.S., Japan, and 47 other nations.
1954: The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), is founded by Australia , France, Great Britain, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, and the U.S. as an alliance for defense and economic cooperation.
1969: Tennis great Rod Laver wins the U.S. Open, thus achieving a Grand Slam—becoming the only player ever to win 2 Grand Slams.
1971: The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C. opens to the public
1974: Pres. Gerald Ford issues a pardon to ex-Pres. Richard Nixon for any federal crimes he committed while president.
1998: St. Louis Cardinals baseball player Mark McGwire hits the 62d home run of the season, breaking Roger Maris' 1961 season record of 61.

Today's Birthdays

1157: Richard I, king of England known as Richard the Lion-Hearted (Oxford, England; died 1199)
1621: Louis II, Prince de Conde, military leader (Paris, France; died 1686)
1830: Frederic Mistral, poet, Nobel Prize winner (Maillane, France; died 1914)
1841: Antonin Dvorak, composer (Czechoslovakia; died 1904)
1886: Siegfried Sassoon, poet/novelist (Britain; died 1967)
1889: Robert Alphonso Taft, OH senator (Cincinnati, OH; died 1953)
1922: Sid Caesar, comedian/actor (Yonkers, NY)
1925: Peter Sellers, actor (Southsea, Hampshire, England; died 1980)
1929: Christoph von Dohnanyi, conductor (Berlin, Germany)
1932: Patsy Cline, country singer (Winchester, VA; died 1963)
1933: Michael Frayn, writer (London, England)
1938: Sam Nunn, GA senator (Perry, GA)
1954: Marilyn Mims, opera singer (Collins, MS)
1957: Heather Thomas, actress (Greenwich, CT)
1970: Latrell Sprewell, basketball player (Milwaukee, WI)
1971: Henry Thomas, actor (San Antonio, TX)
1981: Jonathan Taylor Thomas, actor (Bethlehem, PA)

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