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This Day In History: Sept. 20

This Day in History

1378: French cardinals defy Pope Urban VI and elect an antipope, Clement VII, who flees to Avignon, France. For the next five decades the Roman Catholic Church will have two or even three contending popes, until a single legitimate pope is finally chosen at the Council of Constance (1414-18).
1697: The Peace of Ryswick ends the war between Louis XIV, king of France, and the Grand Alliance, a coalition including England, Spain, the Netherlands, and the Holy Roman Empire.
1792: During the French Revolution, the monarchy is supplanted by the First Republic.
1973: Billie Jean King defeats Bobby Riggs in 3 straight sets in tennis's nationally televised "Battle of the Sexes."
1981: In a 99-0 vote, the Senate confirms the appointment of Sandra Day O'Connor as first woman justice of U.S. Supreme Court.
1990: Justice William Brennan announces his resignation from the Supreme Court.
1991: Armenia's voters approved a declaration of independence from the USSR.
1998: Baseball player Cal Ripken Jr. of the Baltimore Orioles takes himself out of the lineup, thus ending his record streak of consecutive games played at 2,632.
2001: Pres. George W. Bush demands that the Taliban hand over bin Laden or share his fate.
2002: Israel destroys all but one building in Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat's Ramallah compound a day after a Palestinian suicide bombing kills six and injures scores in Israel.

Today's Birthdays

1853: Chulalongkorn, Rama V, king of Thailand (Bangkok, Siam--now Thailand; died 1910)
1878: Upton Sinclair, novelist (Baltimore, MD; died 1968)
1885: Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton, jazz pianist/composer/singer (New Orleans, LA; died 1941)
1899: Leo Strauss, philosopher (Kirchhain, Germany; died 1973)
1917: Red Auerbach, basketball coach/executive (Brooklyn, NY)
1928: Joyce Brothers, psychologist/author (New York, NY). Donald A. Hall, poet (New Haven, CT)
1929: Anne Meara, comedian/actress (New York, NY)
1934: Sophia Loren, actress (Rome, Italy)
1943: Sani Abacha, military dictator of Nigeria (Kano State, Nigeria; died 1998)
1951: Guy LaFleur, hockey player (Thurso, Quebec, Canada)
1957: Gary Cole, actor (Park Ridge, IL)
1964: Crispin Glover, actor (New York, NY)
1967: Kristen Johnston, actress (Washington, D.C.)
1975: Asia Argento, actress (Rome, Italy)


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