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This Day In History: Sept. 14

This Day in History

1847: In the Mexican War, U.S. troops under Gen. Winfield Scott take Mexico City—the effective end of fighting in the war.
1812: Moscow is taken by Napoleon. The Russians have burned the city, making it impossible for Napoleon's troops to establish winter quarters there.
1829: The Treaty of Adrianople, which ends the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-9, gives Russia suzerainty over the peoples of the Caucasus and the emperor a protectorate over Moldavia and Walachia.
1901: Pres. William McKinley dies 8 days after being shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz; Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in, becoming the youngest president in U.S. history.
1940: The first peacetime draft in the history of the United States is approved.
1975: Elizabeth Ann Seton becomes the first native-born American to be canonized.
1984: Joseph Kittinger makes the first solo transatlantic crossing by balloon when he flies his helium-filled Rosie O'Grady's 5690 km (3536 mi) from Caribou, Maine, to the Italian Riviera near Savona.
1994: The baseball season, halted by a strike that began on Aug. 11, and the World Series are cancelled.
2001: Congress approves a $40 billion emergency spending package largely to aid the immediate recovery of lower Manhattan and Washington, D.C. after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. Both houses authorize the use of all "necessary and appropriate force" against the attackers, and the Justice Dept. releases the names of 19 men identified as the hijackers of the four planes used in the attacks. Pres. George W. Bush authorizes the callup of 50,000 military reservists. Bush views the devastation and thanks the rescue workers at the New York site of the twin towers' collapse.
2003: Trade talks between 146 countries in Cancun, Mexico, which had been aimed at opening markets and lowering barriers, collapse over the issue of agricultural subsidies.
2005: Twelve suicide bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, claim at least 167 lives and wound nearly 600.

Today's Birthdays

1769: Alexander Humboldt, naturalist and explorer (Berlin, Germany; died 1859)
1849: Ivan Pavlov, physiologist who studied conditioned reflexes (Ryazan, Russia; died 1936)
1883: Margaret Sanger, women's rights/birth control activist (Corning, NY; died 1966)
1886: Jan Masaryk, statesman (Prague, Bohemia--now Czech Republic; died 1948)
1898: Hal B. Wallis, film producer (Chicago, IL; died 1986)
1901: Lucien Aigner, photojournalist (Hungary; died 1999)
1913: Jacobo Arbenz, president of Guatemala (Quezaltenango, Guatemala; died 1971)
1914: Clayton Moore, actor and portrayer of the Lone Ranger (Chicago, IL; died 1999)
1920: Lawrence Robert Klein, economist and Nobel laureate (Omaha, NE)
1933: Zoe Caldwell, actress (Melbourne, Australia)
1934: Kate Millett, feminist writer (St. Paul, MN)
1936: Walter Koenig, actor/director/producer (Chicago, IL)
1938: Nicol Williamson, actor (Hamilton, Scotland)
1940: Larry Brown, basketball coach (Brooklyn, NY)
1947: Sam Neill, actor (Ulster, Northern Ireland)
1956: Joe Penny, actor (London, England)
1959: Mary Crosby, actress (Los Angeles, CA)
1964: Faith Ford, actress (Alexandria, LA)

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