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This Day In History: Sept. 12

This Day in History

1814: In the War of 1812, the Maryland militia succeeds in stopping the British advance.
1918: Gen. John J. Pershing leads the first U.S. Army against the Germans in the Battle of Saint-Mihiel, the first major U.S. offensive of World War I.
1959: The Soviet craft Luna 2 is launched; it becomes the first spacecraft to land on the Moon.
1974: Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie is overthrown by the military.
2001: Pres. Bush, speaking to cabinet members and congressional leaders, says, "The deliberate and deadly attacks, which were carried out yesterday against our country, were more than acts of terror. They were acts of war." Both houses of Congress (the House shortly after midnight) unanimously pass a resolution of support for Bush in going after the attackers. NATO for the first time cites its mutual defense provision in saying it would cooperate in the event of a U.S. response to the attack.
2002: U.S. Pres. George W. Bush addresses the UN General Assembly and argues that the international community must confront Iraq and its weapons programs.
2003: The UN lifts sanctions against Libya, which has renounced terrorism and agreed to compensate families of victims of two aircraft bombings in the late 1980s.
2005: The last Israeli troops leave the Gaza Strip under a pullout plan adopted by the Israeli government.

Today's Birthdays

1494: Francis I, king of France (Cognac, France; died 1547)
1852: Herbert H. Asquith, British prime minister (Britain; died 1928)
1880: H. L. Mencken, newspaper reporter/editor/columnist (Baltimore, MD; died 1956)
1888: Maurice Chevalier, singer/actor (Paris, France; died 1972)
1891: Don Pedro Albizu Campos, Puerto Rican independence advocate (Ponce, Puerto Rico; died 1965). Arthur Hays Sulzberger, newspaper publisher (New York, NY; died 1968)
1897: Irène Joliot-Curie, physicist and Nobel laureate (Paris, France; died 1956)
1902: Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, president of Brazil (Diamantina, Brazil; died 1976)
1913: Jesse Owens, Olympic champion track and field star (Oakville, AL; died 1980)
1931: Ian Holm, actor (Goodmayes, England). George Jones, singer (Saratoga, TX)
1940: Linda Grey, actress (Santa Monica, CA)
1943: Maria Muldaur, singer (New York, NY). Michael Ondaatje, writer (Colombo, Sri Lanka)
1944: Barry White, singer (Galveston, TX; died 2003)
1951: Bertie Ahern, prime minister of Ireland (Dublin, Ireland)
1954: Peter Scolari, actor (New Rochelle, IL)
1957: Rachel Ward, actress (London, England)
1966: Darren E. Burrows, actor (Winfield, KS)
1973: Paul Walker, actor (Glendale, CA)
1980: Yao Ming, basketball player (Shanghai, China)
1986: Emmy Rossum, actress (New York, NY)

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