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This Day In History: Sept. 11

This Day in History

1297: William Wallace leads the Scots to victory over the English at Stirling Bridge.
1777: The Battle of the Brandywine, an engagement of the American Revolution, is fought near Chadds Ford, PA. It results in a withdrawal of the American forces under George Washington.
1786: The Annapolis Convention opens in Maryland with state delegates meeting to discuss commercial matters; when the convention closes on Sept. 14, the delegates have adopted a resolution to call a convention to write a constitution for the 13 states.
1814: In the War of 1812, the United States wins a naval victory at the Battle of Lake Champlain.
1897: A coal miners' strike is settled after more than 20 miners are fired on and killed by lawmen in Pennsylvania.
1948: Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founding father of Pakistan and its first governor-general, dies in Karachi.
1959: Congress passes a bill to begin the food-stamp program for low-income Americans.
1985: Baseball player Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds gets his 4,192nd career hit, breaking Ty Cobb's record for most lifetime hits.
1997: The Mars Global Surveyor space probe begins orbiting Mars on a mapping survey of the surface.
2001: Islamic terrorists hijack four U.S. passenger airliners and fly two into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, bringing both towers crashing down within 100 minutes of the first impact; a third hijacked jetliner crashes into the Pentagon outside Washington, D.C., and a fourth is apparently brought down by passengers over rural Pennsylvania. Barely an hour after the first plane hits, the FAA grounds all commercial passenger and cargo flights nationwide. More than 3,000 people perish in the attacks; the World Trade Center attack alone claims more than 2,800 lives. Speaking in the evening, President George W. Bush calls the attacks "evil, despicable acts of terror."

Today's Birthdays

1611: Vicomte de Turenne, military leader (Sedan, France; died 1675)
1816: Carl Zeiss, manufacturer (Weimar, Germany; died 1888)
1862: O. Henry (William S. Porter), short-story writer (Greensboro, NC; died 1910)
1885: D. H. Lawrence, novelist (Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, England; died 1930)
1903: Theodor Adorno, sociologist (Frankfurt am Main, Germany; died 1969)
1913: Paul ""Bear"" Bryant, football coach (Morro Bottoms, AR; died 1983)
1917: Ferdinand Marcos, Philippine ruler (St. Sarrat, Philippines; died 1989)
1919: Ota Sik, economist who directed Czechoslovakia's economic liberalization before the Soviet invasion of 1968 (Plzen--now in the Czech Republic); died 2004)
1924: Tom Landry, football coach (Mission, TX; died 2000)
1928: Earl Holliman, actor (Delhi, LA)
1929: David Broder, journalist (Chicago Heights, IL)
1940: Brian DePalma, filmmaker (Newark, NJ)
1946: Lola Falana, actress (Philadelphia, PA)
1951: Amy Madigan, actress (Chicago, IL)
1962: Kristy McNichol, actress (Los Angeles, CA)
1963: Virginia Madsen, actress (Winnetka, IL)
1965: Bashir al-Assad, Syrian president (Damascus, Syria)
1967: Harry Connick Jr., singer/actor (New Orleans, LA)

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