« This Day In History: June 30 | Main | This Day In History: July 2 »

This Day In History: July 1

This Day in History

1847: The first adhesive U.S. postage stamps go on sale.
1862: President Abraham Lincoln signs the Pacific Railroad Act, which authorizes the building and operation of a transcontinental railroad. It is completed seven years later.
1863: In the Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg begins in Pennsylvania; Union forces win a major victory over the Confederates after 3 days of brutal fighting.
1867: The Dominion of Canada is formed by the confederation of Upper and Lower Canada and some of the Maritime Provinces.
1893: Pres. Grover Cleveland undergoes surgery on a cancerous growth in his mouth; the surgery is kept secret until 1917.
1943: Wage and salary earners start having money withheld from their paychecks to cover their income tax.
1944: The Bretton Woods Conference, which results in the creation of the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), begins in New Hampshire.
1949: With French backing, South Vietnam is established as a separate country with its capital at Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City).
1957: The International Geophysical Year (IGY), an international project of concentrated, coordinated exploration of the earth and its cosmic environment, begins.
1960: Ghana is proclaimed a republic. Somalia is granted independence.
1962: Rwanda and Burundi become independent.
1963: The United States introduces the ZIP code for mail.
1968: The United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and 58 other nations sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
1974: In Argentina, Pres. Juan Perón dies and is succeeded by his wife, Isabel.
1997: After 99 years as a British territory, Hong Kong is returned to China.
2002: An accidental U.S. air force attack leaves dozens dead in Southern Afghanistan, prompting President Hamid Karzai to demand an investigation.

Today's Birthdays

1646: Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, philosopher, mathematician, and statesman (Leipzig, Germany; died 1716)
1725: Jean Baptiste Donatien, Comte de Rochambeau, French general who fought in the American Revolution (Vendôme, France; died 1807)
1804: George Sand (Amandine Lucie Aurore Dupin), novelist (Paris, France; died 1876)
1916: Olivia De Havilland, actress (Tokyo, Japan)
1925: Farley Granger, actor (San Jose, CA)
1926: Hans Werner Henze, composer (Gütersloh, Germany)
1931: Leslie Caron, actress/dancer (Boulogne, France)
1934: Jamie Farr, actor (Toledo, Ohio). Jean Marsh, actress and writer (London, England). Sydney Pollack, filmmaker (Lafayette, IN)
1941: Twyla Tharp, dancer/choreographer (Portland, IN)
1942: Karen Black, actress (Park Ridge, IL). Genevieve Bujold, actress (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)
1945: Deborah Harry, singer (Miami, FL)
1952: Dan Aykroyd, actor (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)
1961: Diana, Princess of Wales (Sandringham, England; died 1997). Carl Lewis, Olympic champion track star (Montgomery, AL):
1962: Andre Braugher, actor (Chicago, IL)
1967: Pamela Anderson Lee, actress (Comax, Canada)
1970: Henry Simmons, actor (Stamford, CT)
1977: Liv Tyler, actress (Portland, ME)


TrackBack URL for this entry:

Post a comment

(If you haven't left a comment here before, you may need to be approved by the site owner before your comment will appear. Until then, it won't appear on the entry. Thanks for waiting.)


This page contains a single entry from the blog posted on July 1, 2007 10:54 AM.

The previous post in this blog was This Day In History: June 30.

The next post in this blog is This Day In History: July 2.

Many more can be found on the main index page or by looking through the archives.

Creative Commons License
This weblog is licensed under a Creative Commons License.