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This Day In History: July 1

This Day in History

1847: The first adhesive U.S. postage stamps go on sale.
1862: President Abraham Lincoln signs the Pacific Railroad Act, which authorizes the building and operation of a transcontinental railroad. It is completed seven years later.
1863: In the Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg begins in Pennsylvania; Union forces win a major victory over the Confederates after 3 days of brutal fighting.
1867: The Dominion of Canada is formed by the confederation of Upper and Lower Canada and some of the Maritime Provinces.
1893: Pres. Grover Cleveland undergoes surgery on a cancerous growth in his mouth; the surgery is kept secret until 1917.
1943: Wage and salary earners start having money withheld from their paychecks to cover their income tax.
1944: The Bretton Woods Conference, which results in the creation of the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), begins in New Hampshire.
1949: With French backing, South Vietnam is established as a separate country with its capital at Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City).
1957: The International Geophysical Year (IGY), an international project of concentrated, coordinated exploration of the earth and its cosmic environment, begins.
1960: Ghana is proclaimed a republic. Somalia is granted independence.
1962: Rwanda and Burundi become independent.
1963: The United States introduces the ZIP code for mail.
1968: The United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and 58 other nations sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
1974: In Argentina, Pres. Juan Perón dies and is succeeded by his wife, Isabel.
1997: After 99 years as a British territory, Hong Kong is returned to China.
2002: An accidental U.S. air force attack leaves dozens dead in Southern Afghanistan, prompting President Hamid Karzai to demand an investigation.

Today's Birthdays

1646: Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, philosopher, mathematician, and statesman (Leipzig, Germany; died 1716)
1725: Jean Baptiste Donatien, Comte de Rochambeau, French general who fought in the American Revolution (Vendôme, France; died 1807)
1804: George Sand (Amandine Lucie Aurore Dupin), novelist (Paris, France; died 1876)
1916: Olivia De Havilland, actress (Tokyo, Japan)
1925: Farley Granger, actor (San Jose, CA)
1926: Hans Werner Henze, composer (Gütersloh, Germany)
1931: Leslie Caron, actress/dancer (Boulogne, France)
1934: Jamie Farr, actor (Toledo, Ohio). Jean Marsh, actress and writer (London, England). Sydney Pollack, filmmaker (Lafayette, IN)
1941: Twyla Tharp, dancer/choreographer (Portland, IN)
1942: Karen Black, actress (Park Ridge, IL). Genevieve Bujold, actress (Montreal, Quebec, Canada)
1945: Deborah Harry, singer (Miami, FL)
1952: Dan Aykroyd, actor (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)
1961: Diana, Princess of Wales (Sandringham, England; died 1997). Carl Lewis, Olympic champion track star (Montgomery, AL):
1962: Andre Braugher, actor (Chicago, IL)
1967: Pamela Anderson Lee, actress (Comax, Canada)
1970: Henry Simmons, actor (Stamford, CT)
1977: Liv Tyler, actress (Portland, ME)

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This page contains a single entry from the blog posted on July 1, 2007 10:54 AM.

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