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This Day In History: Apr. 13

This Day in History

1598: Huguenots are granted religious tolerance when Henry IV of France promulgates the Edict of Nantes.
1742: Composer George Frideric Handel's Messiah has its premiere in Dublin, Ireland.
1919: In Amritsar, India , nearly 400 demonstrators are killed when British troops fire upon a political gathering.
1941: The Soviet Union and Japan sign a non-aggression pact.
1964: Sidney Poitier becomes the first African American to win an Oscar for Best Actor.
1970: An accident cripples the Apollo 13 spacecraft on its way to the moon .
1972: Baseball's first major league players' strike ends after 13 days.
1986: Golfer Jack Nicklaus wins a record 6th Masters title, at age 46, by shooting a final-round 65, coming from 4 shots down with 4 holes to play.
1997: Tiger Woods, at 21, becomes the first black and youngest man ever to win the Masters golf tournament, setting a record for fewest strokes.
2004: Attorney General John Ashcroft testifies before the 9/11 Commission ; he states that a "legal wall" between the CIA and FBI hindered intelligence gathering.

Today's Birthdays

1519: Catherine de Medici, queen of France (Florence, Italy; died 1589)
1743: Thomas Jefferson, 3rd president of the United States (Goochland/Albemarle County, VA; died 1826)
1860: James Sidney Ensor, Belgian painter (Oostend, Belgium; died 1949)
1866: Butch Cassidy, Western outlaw (Beaver, UT; died 1909?)
1890: Frank Murphy, American politician and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (Harbor Beach, MI; died 1949)
1899: Alfred Butts, inventor of Scrabble (Poughkeepsie, NY; died 1993)
1906: Samuel Beckett, author/critic/playwright (Foxrock, County Dublin, Ireland; died 1989)
1907: Harold Edward Stassen, American politician (Dakota County, MN; died 2001)
1909: Eudora Welty, novelist/short-story writer (Jackson, MS; died 2001)
1919: Howard Keel, actor/singer (Gillespie, IL; died 2004)
1922: Julius Kambarage Nyerere, first president of Tanzania (Butiama, Tanzania; died 1999)
1923: Don Adams, actor (New York, NY; died 2005)
1937: Edward Fox, actor (London, England). Lanford Wilson, writer (Lebanon, MO)
1939: Paul Sorvino, actor (Brooklyn, NY)
1945: Tony Dow, actor (Hollywood, CA)
1946: Al Green, singer (Forrest City, AR)
1949: Christopher Hitchens, journalist (Portsmouth, England)
1950: Ron Perlman, actor (New York, NY)
1951: Peabo Bryson, singer (Greenville, SC)
1957: Saundra Santiago, actress (Bronx, NY)
1963: Garry Kasparov, former world chess champion (Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR)
1970: Rick Schroder, actor (Staten Island, NY)

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