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This Day In History: Mar. 1

This Day in History

1781: The Articles of Confederation are formally ratified after being approved by the last state, Maryland.
1803: Ohio enters the Union as the 17th state.
1815: After escaping the island of Elba, Napoleon returns to France in an attempt to regain power, but is defeated at Waterloo a few months later.
1867: Nebraska enters the Union as the 37th state.
1872: Yellowstone National Park is established by Congress as the first U.S. national park.
1896: In the two-day Battle of Adwa, Ethiopian emperor Menelik II's troops win a decisive victory over an invading Italian army, leading European powers to recognize Ethiopia's independence.
1932: The 20-month-old son of Charles Lindbergh is kidnapped.
1954: Five members of Congress are wounded in the House when 4 supporters of Puerto Rican independence fire at random from a spectator's gallery.
1961: The Peace Corps is created by Pres. John F. Kennedy's executive order.
1946: The Bank of England, privately owned for 252 years, is nationalized.
2003: UN chief weapons inspector Hans Blix announces that Iraqi Pres. Saddam Hussein has done little to assist inspectors searching for Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) in Iraq. Suspected September 11th mastermind and high-ranking al-Qaeda official Khalid Sheikh Muhammad is seized in Pakistan.
2005: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that executions of convicts who committed their crimes before age 18 are prohibited by the Constitution's Eighth Amendment ban on cruel and unusual punishment.

Today's Birthdays

1810: Frédéric Chopin, composer (Poland; died 1849)
1904: Glenn Miller, bandleader/composer (Clarinda, IA; died 1944)
1914: Ralph Ellison, writer (Oklahoma City, OK; died 1994)
1917: Dinah Shore, singer/TV host (Winchester, TN; died 1994)
1920: Harry Caray, sportscaster (St.Louis, MO; died 1998)
1922: William M. Gaines, Mad magazine publisher (Bronx, NY; died 1992). Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Prime Minister (Jerusalem, Israel; died 1995):
1924: Donald ""Deke"" Slayton, astronaut (Spart, WI; died 1993)
1927: Harry Belafonte, singer (New York, NY)
1935: Robert Conrad, actor (Chicago, IL)
1944: Roger Daltrey, singer/musician (London, England)
1947: Alan Thicke, actor (Kirkland Lake, Ontario, Canada)
1954: Ron Howard, actor/director (Duncan, OK)
1958: Timothy Daly, actor (Suffern, NY)

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