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This Day in History: Jan. 23

This Day in History

1849: Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to receive an MD degree.
1933: The 20th Amendment is ratified, moving the date of presidential inaugurations from March 4 to Jan. 20.
1960: The bathyscape Trieste sets a world record when it descends almost 7 miles to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, near Guam.
1964: The 24th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, prohibiting imposition of any poll tax as a requirement for voting in federal elections.
1968: The USS Pueblo with its 83-man crew is seized in the Sea of Japan by North Korea.
1977: Roots, a TV series based on Alex Haley's best-selling book, makes history January 23-30, when the show is viewed by more Americans than any other program since the invention of television.
1997: Madeleine Albright is sworn in as secretary of state, becoming the first woman to head the State Dept.
2004: The chief U.S. weapons inspector in Iraq , David Kay, states that Iraq had no stockpiles of chemical or biological weapons before the March 2003 invasion.
2005: Ukrainian President-elect Viktor Yushchenko, the opposition candidate in several rounds of voting in late 2004, takes office.
2006: Canadians voting in parliamentary elections end more than 12 years of Liberal Party rule, granting the Conservative Party and its leader, Stephen Harper, a minority government.

Today's Birthdays

1635: Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian who founded Pietism (Ribeauvillé, France; died 1705)
1783: Stendhal (Marie Henri Beyle), novelist (Grenoble, France; died 1842)
1832: Edouard Manet, painter (Paris, France; died 1883)
1898: Sergey Eisenstein, Russian stage and film director (Riga—now in Latvia; died 1948)
1915: Sir Arthur Lewis, economist and Nobel Prize winner (Castries, St. Lucia; died 1991). Potter Stewart, Supreme Court justice (Jackson, MI; died 1985
1928: Jeanne Moreau, actress (Paris, France)
1933: Chita Rivera, dancer/actress (Washington, D.C.)
1943: Gil Gerard, actor (Little Rock, AR)
1944: Rutger Hauer, actor (Breukelen, Netherlands)
1950: Richard Dean Anderson, actor (Minneapolis, MN)
1957: Princess Caroline, princess of Monaco (Monte Carlo, Monaco)
1963: Gail O'Grady, actress (Detroit, MI)
1974: Tiffani-Amber Thiessen, model/actress (Long Beach, CA)

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